Given that it performs crucial bodily processes like filtration, metabolism, detoxification, and many others, the liver is regarded as the body’s most significant organ. Nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD), which affects more people today, is linked to obesity, type 2 diabetes, dyslipidemia, PCOS, and the metabolic syndrome.
What exactly is fatty liver?
Triglycerides, a type of fat, abnormally accumulate inside liver cells, resulting in fatty liver. Large amounts of fat build up in the liver cells, a disease known as fatty liver, is reversible. This is because of the steatosis process. When the liver’s fat level surpasses 5% of its total weight or 30% of its cells, fatty liver is the result.
Fatty liver disease comes in two different primary kinds.
- Drinking and liver disease
Alcoholic fatty liver, which results from binge drinking, is the buildup of fat in the liver.
- Alcohol-unrelated fatty liver disease (NAFLD)
Non-alcoholic fatty liver disease is the term used to describe fatty liver caused by anything other than heavy alcohol usage (NAFLD).
People who have at least one of the following elements of the metabolic syndrome are more likely to have NAFLD:
- Obesity or having too much body fat
- High levels of blood fat (triglyceride and cholesterol)
- Insulin sensitivity
Non-alcoholic steatohepatitis is the name for the liver inflammation caused by NAFLD (NASH).
Causes of Fatty Liver
The following are the main causes of fatty liver:
- Excessive alcohol use obesity problems in metabolism, such as obesity, insulin resistance, and high blood fat levels (triglycerides and cholesterol)
a few pharmaceuticals, including chemotherapeutic treatments, tamoxifen, and corticosteroids;
genetic metabolic conditions
- Metabolic syndrome is a condition marked by excess body weight, insulin resistance, and excessive triglyceride levels. All of these conditions cause fat to accumulate in liver cells by increasing fat synthesis or slowing fat processing and excretion. As a result, fat builds up and is stored within liver cells. A high-fat diet alone will not result in fatty liver.
What are the symptoms of fatty liver disease?
People with fatty liver disease often have no symptoms until the disease progresses to cirrhosis of the liver. If you do have symptoms,
- Abdominal pain or a feeling of fullness in the upper right side of the abdomen.
- Nausea, loss of appetite.
- Swollen abdomen and legs (edema).
- Extreme tiredness or mental confusion.
- Associated symptoms of PCOS , insulin resistance or hormonal imbalance in women
- Associated Hyperlipidemia
- Complication of fatty liver disease
Fatty liver disease doesn’t cause major problems for most people. However, it can turn into a more serious problem if it progresses into cirrhosis of the liver. Untreated cirrhosis of the liver eventually leads to liver failure or liver cancer.
The problem occurs when you have fatty liver with obesity , high cholesterol levels , high BP , or PCOS or hormonal imbalance ! together they can cause metabolic syndrome.
Ayurveda Treatment for Fatty Liver
Ayurveda known for its safe and effective medication has a great potential in treating Fatty Liver .
Virechana being the most suitable Detox-Shodhana Karma is indicated in liver disorders for the alcoholic fatty liver treatment in ayurveda.
Also effective and safe Hepatoprotective herbs to treat any kind of liver disease.
When Fatty Liver progresses to next stage and Dhatus get involved, treatment should be directed towards Prasadana of Rasa and Rakta and also Yakritshothahara Chikitsa.
Importance of Guda Ardraka Yoga, Gomutra Haritaki Prayoga In fatty liver disease is explained in ayurveda classics.
Various Ayurveda formulations for Fatty liver are mentioned in classical texts which can widely be used for this purpose like Pippali Churna, Patoladi Churna, Mahasudarshana Churna, Rohitaka choorna , Agnitundi Vati, Arogyavardhini Vati, Patola katurohinyadi Kashaya, Rohitakarishta, Pippalyasava, Kumaryasava, Kalameghasava, Yakrit-Plihari Loha and many more can be taken consulting Ayurveda physician
Food which Must be included in Fatty liver
Ayurveda suggests certain types of food which are extremely important to add in the diet of Fatty liver patient.
Vegetables which are bitter in taste , astringent and light to digest are good for fatty liver cases
- Kulattha (Horsegram)
- Mudga( green Gram )
- Yava (Barley)
- Takra ( Butter Milk ) Rasona(Garlic)
- Ardraka( Ginger)
- Shigru phala( Drum stick)
- Laghu tikta Deepana (Bitter gourd, Methi leaves, curry leaves etc)
Foods to Promote Healthy Liver
Whole grains like brown rice, whole wheat, rye, and oats to be made part of the person’s regular diet. Organic fruits and vegetables that are rich in fiber will benefit a fatty liver sufferer.
If meat cannot be avoided, the person will need to switch to fat-trimmed meats and chicken. Seafood like prawn, salmon, sardine, tuna, etc. which are rich in essential fatty acids may also be consumed by the sufferer.
For regular cooking, oils that contain omega-3 fatty acids are recommended for the sufferer. The best choice would be cold-pressed olive oil.